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International Sugar Statistics

The international sugar season runs from October to September

Sustainability

The global sugar industry is one of the world’s oldest agriculturally-based industries, which is estimated to produce around 179 million tons of sugar in the 2011/12 international sugar season. Whilst many forces continually impact upon annual global production, a major sustainability feature of this industry is its historic and ongoing sugar consumption growth, which on average, increases by around 2% per annum. Africa, with its favourable agronomic conditions, has significant potential to contribute towards the production needed to meet this growing demand. Illovo, as a world-class, low-cost, highly efficient sugar producer, operating in Africa, is well-placed to participate in this ongoing growth opportunity. The following tables, graphs and data are intended to promote a broader understanding of the dynamic international circumstances in which the Illovo group operates.

Overview

More than 100 countries produce sugar, about 78% of which is made from sugar cane grown primarily in the tropical and sub-tropical zones of the southern hemisphere, and the balance from sugar beet which is grown mainly in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. Generally, the costs of producing sugar from sugar cane are lower than those in respect of processing sugar beets. Currently, 70% of the world’s sugar is consumed in the countries of origin, whilst the balance is traded on world markets. (Source: Czarnikow Sugar 2011/12, Oct/Sep basis.)


International statistics: the world of sugar year runs from October to September

2011/12 estimate

Production million tons

Exports million tons

Export ranking

Population millions

Per capita consumption

Brazil

39.014

27.590

1

203

61

India

27.837

2.911

4

1 263

19

EU

18.549

2.174

5

499

35

China

12.184

-

1 383

10

Thailand

11.347

8.520

2

70

38

United States

7.257

321

30

Mexico

5.467

1.000

8

113

34

SADC

5.435

1.960

6

263

13

Australia

5.167

3.061

3

22

49

Pakistan

5.109

196

21

Per capita consumption – kg/person


WORLD SUGAR PRODUCTION (million tons)

Global sugar production in 2011/12 is forecast at 179 million tons, representing a 7% increase compared to that of last year. WORLD SUGAR PRODUCTION graph

WORLD SUGAR CONSUMPTION (million tons)

Global sugar consumption growth during 2011/12 is expected to increase by 1.5% due to greater sugar availability and lower prices than that of the previous year. WORLD SUGAR CONSUMPTION graph

TOP SUGAR PRODUCERS 2011/12 est. (million tons) (South Africa is a member of the SADC)

The rise in global sugar production expected in 2011/12 is supported by increased sugar output in the EU and India. The top ten producers account for around 77% of global production. TOP SUGAR PRODUCERS 2011/12 est graph

TOP SUGAR EXPORTERS 2011/12 est. (million tons) (South Africa is a member of the SADC)

Around 70% of sugar production is expected to be consumed in the countries of origin, with the balance traded on world markets. The top fi ve exporters account for 88% of total world exports. TOP SUGAR EXPORTERS 2011/12 est graph

WORLD RAW SUGAR PRICE (US cents per pound)

Despite a general decline in world sugar prices in 2011/12, longer-term supply and demand fundamentals are expected to underpin future prices. WORLD RAW SUGAR PRICE (US cents per pound) graph

PREFERENTIAL PRICES (FREE ON BOARD) (US cents per pound)

EU export market prices fi rmed during 2011/12 in line with the tight sugar stocks position in Europe. Prices are forecast to remain fi rm over the next 12 months. PREFERENTIAL PRICES (FREE ON BOARD) (US cents per pound) graph

PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION 2011/12 est.

Sugar consumption growth in Southern Africa is expected to be above the annual world average due to improving levels of disposable income. PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION 2011/12 est graph

DOMESTIC RETAIL SUGAR PRICES 2011/12 est.

Sugar prices in the SADC region remain well below those of key developed countries. DOMESTIC RETAIL SUGAR PRICES 2011/12 est graph

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